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Skin Cleansing Products

Human Skin is in continuous contact with the environment, which can modify its normal flora, ph, and barrier properties, leading to unwanted conditions.

Skin cleansing serves as a foundation for healthy skin and contributes to the skin's aesthetic appearance. It includes the removal of dirt, oil, cosmetics, and dead skin cells. Skin cleansing is the initial step in overall skincare.

Nowadays everyone is concerned about their skin and feel. There is various type of skin cleaning Products viz. Facial cleansers, Bath & shower products, Hand cleansing products. Many skin cleansing products contain moisturizing ingredients, which help the skin from getting dry.

How skin cleansing products may affect the skin?

Dirt found on our skin consists of sweat, sebum, and other environmental impurities carried in the air. Most of these compounds are not soluble in water. So, washing the skin with simple water would not be sufficient to remove dirt. Skin cleansing products contain surfactants, that are capable of emulsifying water-insoluble ingredients into micelles, which can be easily washed away from the skin.

Cleansing products can be categorized in several ways, including their cleansing mechanism, chemical nature, harshness (mildness), and dosage form. There are three basic types of skin cleansing products including soaps, synthetic surfactants, and solvents.

What are soaps?

Soaps are salts of fatty acids. If the alkali used contains sodium, potassium, or ammonium ions, water-soluble soaps are formed. Whereas zinc and magnesium make insoluble soaps called metallic soaps. Skin cleansing products contain water-soluble soaps. The pH of soap is alkaline and is usually in the range of 9.5 to 10.

Soaps are amphiphilic molecules having both hydrophilic and hydrophobic groups, that is they are soluble in both oils and water. They are anionic surfactants. Soaps are often referred to as natural surfactants since most oils and fats used for their products can be found in nature.

Lathering Formulations are generally more popular among consumers. Although it is possible to formulate cleaning products that do not foam or just slightly foam and are effective in removing dirt, most users expect skin cleansing agents to generate foam when cleaning. They feel that foaming is a sign of proper cleaning.

There is a wide variety of skin cleansing products available today, including, Barsoaps, Syndet Bars, Gels, Scrubs, Creams, and Lotions, toners, masks, and cleansing wipes.

There are several types of bar soaps developed over the years to decrease their harshness. Super-fatter soaps contain more oil than required for a stoichiometric reaction. The excess oil may serve as a moisturizer and an emollient and improves the mildness of the skin.

Transparent soaps have a higher concentration of glycerine, which is a skin moisturizer. Although they contain natural soaps and therefore their pH is alkaline, they are still considered milder due to the presence of glycerine.

Soap bars are not necessarily made of soap, i.e., natural surfactants. Today a variety of soap bars containing synthetic surfactants are available on the market. However, many consumers relate the shape and name to the harsh effect regular products would cause. Most consumers are not aware that soap in the form of a bar can be made of different kinds of surfactants, and is therefore not necessarily harsh.

 

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