Artificial Intelligence Marketing
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Artificial Intelligence Marketing
Tags: Artificial Intelligence, Marketing

Artificial Intelligence Marketing (AIM) is a form of marketing that uses artificial intelligence concepts and models such as Machine Learning, Natural Language Processing, and Bayesian Networks to achieve marketing goals.

The main difference between AIM and traditional forms of marketing resides in the reasoning, which is performed by a computer algorithm rather than a human.

Each form of marketing has a different approach to the core of the marketing theory. Traditional marketing directly focuses on the needs of the consumers; meanwhile, some believe the shift AI may cause, will lead marketing agencies to manage consumer needs instead.

Artificial Intelligence is used in various Digital Marketing spaces, such as content marketing, email marketing, online advertisement (in combination with machine learning), social media marketing, affiliate marketing, and beyond.

The potential of Artificial Intelligence is constantly being explored in digital marketing. In real time AI has been used by Marketing professionals because they claim it helps them prioritize customer satisfaction. Marketing Professionals can analyze the performance of rival companies as well as their campaigns, which can reveal the wants and needs of their customers.

Historical Development of Artificial Intelligence Marketing (AIM)
Artificial Intelligence has been having an impact on marketing for years, and will continuously grow. The impact of AI has become more clear, and noticeable during 2017. More people have become more aware of AI's presence. However, AI has a long history, which goes back to the 1980s.

The study of AI started with studies relating to robotics, and systems. Despite the initial research and the studies that were carried out, AI wasn’t exactly becoming widespread. Research on it came to a stop for a while until research was revived 2 decades later. Different factors such as the advancement in technology, the rise of Big Data, and the significant increase in computational power, all opened the door. Eventually, AI became very popular in the marketing world and caught the eyes of many researchers as well as professionals.

Before the application of artificial intelligence in marketing, there was something called "collaborative filtering". This was used as early as 1998 by Amazon, and one of the first ways companies predicted consumer behavior, which enabled millions of recommendations to different customers. today, when you open Spotify and you see recommended music, or recommended TV shows on Netflix, this is done through AI clustering our behaviors. Based on the data our profile provides, they can make these recommendations. A big milestone in AI marketing happened in 2014 when programmatic ad buying gained much greater popularity. Marketing consists of numerous manual tasks such as researching target markets, insertion orders, and managing high budgets as well as prices. To cut costs, and remove the need for these tedious tasks, many companies started to automate the marketing process with AI. In 2015, Google released its most recent algorithm known as RankBrain, which opened new ways to analyze search inquiries. It's used to accurately determine the reasoning and intent behind users' searches.

Tools & Usage in Artificial Intelligence Marketing (AIM)

Predictive Analytics: Predictive analytics is a form of analytics involving the use of historical data and artificial intelligence algorithms to predict future trends and outcomes. It serves as a tool for anticipating and understanding user behavior based on patterns found in data. Predictive analytics uses artificial intelligence machine learning algorithms to recognize and predict patterns within data. Machine learning algorithms analyze the data, recognize patterns, and make predictions through continuous learning and adaptation.

Predictive analytics is widely used across businesses and industries as a way to identify opportunities, avoid risks, and anticipate customer needs based on information derived from the analysis of user data. By analyzing historical customer data, artificial intelligence algorithms can deliver relevant and targeted marketing content.

Personalization Engines: Personalization Engines use artificial intelligence and machine learning to provide content or advertisements that are relevant to the user. User data is gathered, which then gets processed with machine learning, and patterns and trends among the users are identified. Users with shared characteristics or behaviors are then segmented into groups, and the personalization engine adjusts content and advertisements to match each segment’s preferences. By processing a large amount of data, personalization engines can match users to advertisements and recommendations that align with their interests or preferences.

Behavioral Targeting: Behavioral targeting refers to the act of reaching out to a prospect or customer with communication-based on implicit or explicit behavior shown by the customer's past. Understanding of behaviors is facilitated by marketing technology platforms such as web analytics, mobile analytics, social media analytics, and trigger-based marketing platforms. Artificial Intelligence Marketing provides a set of tools and techniques that enable behavioral targeting.

Machine learning is used to improve the efficiency of behavioral targeting. Additionally, to prevent human bias in behavioral targeting at scale, artificial intelligence technologies are used. The most advanced form of behavioral targeting aided by artificial intelligence is called algorithmic marketing.

Impact of Artificial Intelligence Marketing (AIM)

Ethics: Ethics of Artificial Intelligence Marketing (AIM) is an evolving area of study and debate. AI ethics has overlapping ideas and encompasses many industries, fields of study, and social impacts. Currently, there are two topics of ethical concern for AIM. Those are privacy and algorithmic biases.

Ethics and Privacy: Currently privacy concerns from customers pertain to how technology companies like AIM and big data companies use consumer data. some questions that have been raised are how long consumer data is retained, how and to whom data is resold (marketing, AI, data, private companies, etc.), whether the data collected from one individual also contains data of other persons that did not wish for their data to be shared.

In addition, the purpose of data collection is to enhance consumer experience. By using consumer data and combining that data with AI and marketing techniques, firms will have a better understanding of what their customers want, and make customized products and services for their customers.

Ethics and Algorithmic Biases: Algorithmic biases are errors in computer programs that have the potential to give an unfair advantage to some and disadvantage others. Concerns for AIM include the possibility that AI algorithms can be affected by existing biases from the programmers who designed the AI algorithms. Or the inability of an AI to detect biases because of its calculations.

On the other hand, there is the belief that AI bias in Business is an inflated argument as business and marketing decisions are based on human biases and decision-making. In part to further the shareholder's goals for their business and from decisions for what they intend to sell to attract specific consumers.

Collect, Reason, Act
Artificial Intelligence Marketing principles are based on the perception-reasoning-action cycle found in cognitive science. In the context of marketing, this cycle is adapted to form the collect, reason, and act cycle.

Collect: This term relates to all the activities that aim to capture customer or prospect data; for example, on social media platforms, where the platform will measure the duration of time a post was viewed. Whether taken online or offline, this data is then saved into customer or prospect databases. 

Reason: This is the stage where data is transformed into information and eventually intelligence or insight. This is the phase where artificial intelligence and machine learning in particular play a key role.

Act: With the intelligence gathered in the reason stage, one can then act. In the context of marketing, an act would be an attempt to influence a prospect or customer's purchase decision using an incentive-driven message.

In an unsupervised model, the machine in question would take the decision and act according to the information it received in the collection stage.

Future Trends

AI Marketing and User Personalization
AI's integration across many sectors is transforming innovation, and improving efficiency and adaptability. AI's ability to analyze data and patterns enables it to produce hyper-personalized advertisements. AI marketing will be an important tool for all businesses to thrive in contemporary times. For example, retail companies are doing everything they can to learn about us and our shopping habits. Target is one of the companies that has been smart about predictive analytics. Target AI models were able to predict if a woman was pregnant or not through their shopping habits. For instance, a woman suddenly starts buying unscented lotion and zinc vitamins which are signals that a woman is pregnant. Even if parents don't know that their daughter is pregnant, Target's algorithm can predict when she is due. Target alone estimates that they have made billions of dollars by targeting pregnant women.

 AI allows companies to understand customers' buying habits and make personalized ads based on consumers' interests. AI's ability to predict and understand customer choices in real-time helps companies tailor their content according to customers' needs. This allows companies to reach the right consumers at the right time. With precise targeting, businesses can make more profits, increase customer retention rates, and address individual needs in real-time.

Integration of Artificial Intelligence in Digital Assistants
Digital Assistants like Alexa, Siri, and Google Assistant have transformed the way customers interact with businesses. Users can ask queries to which the digital assistants respond as well as assist the user, providing a personalized experience and increasing customer satisfaction.

They also increase customer engagement as the voice-integrated platforms can drive conversations and proactively suggest suitable services with the use of their natural language processing as well as machine learning models.

Chatbots are also leveraging AI, commonly being used by businesses to help provide customer support. AI-driven chatbots can use natural language processing to enhance communication with customers. This allows chatbots to anticipate the needs of the customer and take the appropriate actions, improving customer satisfaction. Chatbots enable businesses to have enhanced marketing communication with customers, as well as tailor the support experience depending on the needs of the customer.

Artificial Intelligence in DIgital Marketing
Artificial intelligence has transformed the digital marketing landscape by allowing businesses to capture large amounts of consumer data, leading to data-driven marketing strategies. Businesses like Amazon can utilize user’s purchase, search, and viewing history on their platforms, to create customized user experiences. For example, relevant products can be advertised to the user to guide their purchasing behavior. AI algorithms are used to analyze all the available user data and ultimately create user personalized recommendations.

Author: Mikhail
Artificial Intelligence Marketing